Album leaf; recto: The Elephant Atash Khan; verso: calligraphic panel

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 2

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At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. 1600
  • Geography

    Bijapur, Karnataka state, Deccan plateau, India
  • Material

    Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W (overall): 30.3 x 20.3 cm (11 15/16 x 8 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Artist

    Attributed to Farrukh Beg (active early 1580s–1619)
  • Court

    Bijapur Court
  • School/Tradition

    Deccani school
  • Description

    Verso: a calligraphic panel along the right side contains a Persian inscription with the information "written in Farahabad, capital of the realm of the Sultan," Farahabad was the summer residence of Shah Abbas of Iran. The panel along the left side reads "by the order of the descendant of the prophet Mirza Muhammad Shafi." The six lines of calligraphy in the central panel contain Persian poetry, with additiional couplets spaced along the margins.
  • Inscriptions

    1. (Info. obtained from seller's invoice) Verso signed by Riza 'Ali and written in Farrukhabad, "capital of the realm of the sultan."
  • Provenance

    Michel Onou (died 1901), Istanbul and Athens [1]
    To 1997
    Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd., New York City, to 1997
    From 1997
    Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd. in 1997
    [1] According to Curatorial Note 3, Vidya Dehejia, July 1997, in the object record.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Beyond the Legacy--Anniversary Acquisitions of the Freer Gallery of Art (October 11, 1998 to April 11, 1999)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Michel Onou
    Terence McInerney Fine Arts, Ltd.
  • Origin

    Bijapur, Karnataka state, Deccan plateau, India
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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