Folio from a Shahnama (Book of kings) by Firdawsi; recto: text, Faridun captures Zahhak; verso: Faridun strikes Zahhak with the ox-headed mace

Detail of a pattern
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At A Glance

  • Period

    circa 1525
  • Geography

    Tabriz, Iran
  • Material

    Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W (verso painting): 27.2 × 17.4 cm (10 11/16 × 6 7/8 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Artist

    Attributed to Sultan-Muhammad (active ca. 1520s-1540s)
  • Patron

    Shah Tahmasp (1524-1576)
  • Description

    Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Shahnama (Book of kings) by Firdawsi; text: Persian in black nasta'liq script; recto: text: Faridun captures Zahhak, 4 columns with illuminated panels and triangular illuminations, 12 lines of text written diagonally; verso: illustration and text: Faridun strikes Zahhak with the ox-headed mace, inscription, six lines of text.
    Border: The text and the painting are set in gold, green, and blue rulings on gold-sprinkled paper.
  • Inscriptions

    On the crenellation: Be Kam to bada hame kar-i to khudavand gitti negahdar to
    “I Hope the God of the universe will be your protector/ I hope you obtain what you desire"
    “I Hope the God of the universe will be your protector/ I hope you obtain what you desire"
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Engaging the Senses (October 14, 2017 - ongoing)
    The Shahnama: 1000 Years of the Persian Book of Kings (October 23, 2010 to April 17, 2011)
    Beyond the Legacy--Anniversary Acquisitions of the Freer Gallery of Art (October 11, 1998 to April 11, 1999)
    Arts of the Islamic World (May 3, 1998 to January 3, 2016)
  • Origin

    Tabriz, Iran
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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