Two Mughal Princesses Hunting Gamer Birds from the St. Petersburg Album

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 2

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At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. 1680; borders mid-18th c.
  • Geography

  • Material

    Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W (overall): 32.4 x 47.6 cm (12 3/4 x 18 3/4 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Artist

    Imad al-Hasani (died 1615)
  • Borders

    Muhammad Baqir (mid-18th century)
    Muhammad Hadi (Iranian, active mid-18th century)
  • Court

    Mughal Court
  • School/Tradition

    Mughal School
  • Description

    The borders (signed by M. Baqir) surrounding the painting are decorated in gold with animals in formalized landscapes.
    The borders (signed and dated 1757-58 by M. Hadi) surrounding the six panels of nasta'liq calligraphy are decorated with large floral arabesques in silver and gold on dark blue.
  • Signatures

    Borders surrounding the painting signed by M. Baqir.
    Borders surrounding the painting signed by M. Baqir.
  • Provenance

    To 1739
    Mughal Imperial Library, Delhi, to 1739 [1]
    To late 19th century
    Persian Imperial Library, to late 19th century [2]
    B y late 19th century
    Russian Imperial Library (probably), by late 19th century [3]
    Private collection, Europe [4]
    To 1994
    Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd., New York City, to 1994
    From 1994
    Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd. in 1994
    [1] Indian paintings in the St. Petersburg Album were taken from Delhi, India in the 1739 sack of the imperial capital of the Mughal dynasty (1526-1858) by Nadir Shah of Persia.
    Many of the finest Mughal paintings were included in the loot, and several were assembled (in Iran) into an album.
    In the later 19th century, the album was taken apart and dispersed in Europe - with the major portion ending up in the Russian Imperial Collections. Other works were sold through the art market at that time.
    All known pages from the St. Petersburg Album have been out of Iran for a century, and the Indian paintings were taken from India more than 250 years ago (see Curatorial Note 5, Milo C. Beach, March 4, 1994, in the object record).
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] See note 1.
    [4] See note 1.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Honoring Friends: Recent Gifts by Members of the Freer and Sackler Galleries (June 10 to November 25, 2001)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Mughal Imperial Library
    Persian Imperial Library
    Russian Imperial Library
    Terence McInerney Fine Arts, Ltd.
  • Origin

  • Credit Line

    Purchase — funds provided by an anonymous donor and the Friends of Asian Arts
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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