Pendant in form of a mask

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 2

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At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. 3500-3000 BCE
  • Geography

    Northeast China
  • Material

    Jade (nephrite)
  • Dimension

    H x W x D: 5.7 x 17.2 x 0.4 cm (2 1/4 x 6 3/4 x 3/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Description

    The main element of the design of this ornamental pendant is a pair of "eyes," drilled from the front, with perforated slits for “eyebrows,” and a swirling series of gently undulating curves. Below the eyes are seven sets of paired, pointed, teeth-like projections. Extending from the sides are symmetrically curved and hooked elements. The top edge is straight. A hole is drilled from both sides between the eyes. The pendant is worked only on one surface; the back is flat and simply polished.
  • Provenance

    To about 1966
    Estate of Col. Lewis F. Acker, to about 1966 [1]
    From about 1966 to 1991
    Therese and Erwin Harris, Coconut Grove, FL, purchased from Pennington's Antiques and/or Edward J. Koch Antiques, Hallandale, FL, in about 1966 [2]
    From 1991
    Freer Gallery of Art, given by Therese and Erwin Harris in 1991
    [1] According to a letter in the object file from Erwin Harris (dated December 9, 1991), this object was in the collection of U.S. Army Colonel Lewis F. Acker, a U.S. Liaison Officer attached to the Nationalist China Army. All of the collection evidently left China with Col. Acker at the conclusion of the war in 1945-1946. Mr. Harris purchased this object 20 years later, from the sale of Col. Acker's Estate through two antique dealers, Pennington's Antiques and Edward J. Koch Antiques, in Hallandale, FL (see Curatorial Note 5 in the object record).
    [2] See note 1.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Ancient Chinese Jades (May 9, 1993 to May 18, 1998)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Col. Lewis F. Acker (1897-1963)
    Estate of Col. Lewis F. Acker
    Pennington's Antiques
    Edward J. Koch Antiques
    Therese and Erwin Harris
  • Origin

    Northeast China
  • Culture

    Hongshan culture, ca. 3800-ca. 2700 BCE
  • Credit Line

    Gift of Therese and Erwin Harris
  • Type

    Jewelry and Ornament
  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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