string(22) "edanmdm:fsg_F1986.6a-b" Ritual wine warmer with taotie - National Museum of Asian Art

Ritual wine warmer with taotie

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 3
IIIF

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At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. 1600-1500 BCE
  • Geography

    probably Zhengzhou, Henan province, China
  • Material

    Bronze
  • Dimension

    H x W x D: 15 x 13 x 13 cm (5 7/8 x 5 1/8 x 5 1/8 in)
  • Accession Number

    F1986.6a-b
  • EDAN ID

    edanmdm:fsg_F1986.6a-b

Object Details

  • Description

    In cross section the body of the jue is a pointed oval, with the pointed ends corresponding with the positions of the extended pouring spout and lip. Judging from the conformation of the vessel, the pottery piece mold assemblege during casting would have joined along the lines established by the pointed edges. The joining of the molds is clearly visible on the flat base of the vessel and along the edges of the three, thin triangular legs. Two simple posts on the rim at the base of the spout are triangular in section. It is possible that the posts may have originated in some sequence in the development of the casting process. A simple curved handle projects from one side of the jue, being centered over the leg; here again, there are visible indications of the piece mold assembly. Although this jue would have been cast in a single pour of metal, the rim has a thicker band along the upper portion. It has been suggested, although there is as yet no archaeological confirmation of that suggestion, that this feature may reflect an earlier, sheet metal tradition in which vessels would have been hammered into shape rather than cast. A horizontal band of decoration in raised thread relief embellishes the constricted waist of the vessel; the only break in the decoration occurring in the portion beneath the handle, where the piece mold asembly would have prevented it. The dominant elements of the band of decoration are the two oval, projecting eyes, which are surrounded by symmetrical raised lines. This is an early example of the taotie (Chn), or monster mask, that was to become so important a part of Shang dynasty bronze decoration.
    There are some losses at either end of the lip of the jue, as well as along the edges of that lip. In addition, there are repairs on the leg beneath the handle. An old, i.e., Shang dynasty, cast-in repair is visible on the lower portion of the side of the vessel without a handle.
  • Provenance

    From 1921 to 1959
    Abel William Bahr (1877-1959), Ridgefield, CT, from 1921 [1]
    From 1959 to about 1963
    Edna H. Bahr (d. 1978), United States and England, acquired by descent from her father, Abel William Bahr, to about 1963 [2]
    From about 1963
    Christian Humann (died 1981), New York, purchased from Edna H. Bahr in about 1963 [3]
    To 1986
    Robert Hatfield Ellsworth (born 1929), New York, purchased from Christian Humann as part of the Pan Asian Collection, to 1986 [4]
    From 1986
    Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Robert Hatfield Ellsworth in 1986 [2]
    Notes:
    [1] According to Curatorial Remark 6 in the object record: "The jue was originally in the collection of A.W. Bahr. It passed to his daughter, Edna Bahr. It had been in Billy's possession for many years, since 1921.
    It was in America until 1959, when Miss Bahr moved back to England.
    She sold it to Christian Humann in approximately 1963, and it came into the possession of the source when he purchased the Pan Asian Collection."
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] See note 1.
    [4] See note 1.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Resound: Ancient Bells of China (October 14, 2017 - July 5, 2021)
    Ancient Chinese Jades and Bronzes (November 20, 2010 to January 3, 2016)
    Clay and Metal: Ancient Chinese Ceramics and Metal (February 25, 1997 to August 9, 2011)
    Ancient Chinese Bronzes (May 9, 1993 to February 10, 1997)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Abel William Bahr (1877-1959)
    Edna H. Bahr (1907-1986)
    Christian Humann (1929-1981)
    Robert Hatfield Ellsworth (1929-2014)
  • Origin

    probably Zhengzhou, Henan province, China
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

    Vessel
  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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