Sutra of the Great Demise (Mahaparinirvana Sutra) in standard script

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 10

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At A Glance

  • Period

  • Geography

    Dunhuang, Gansu province, China
  • Material

    Ink on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W (image): 20.9 x 380.3 cm (8 1/4 x 149 3/4 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Description

    Sutra written in standard script on nine pieces of paper with eight seams. The standard length of each sheet is about 19 3/8" with 29 lines of text; the first and 9th pieces of paper are much shorter. The scroll is not in its original unmounted state. It was mounted in recent times in a standard handscroll format with blank frontispiece paper and silk border.
  • Inscriptions

    There are three collector's seals added to the sutra.The one at the beginning reads "Hsi Hsu Chung-fu yu lung so-te (Mr. Hsu Chung-fu of Anhui obtained this when he traveled to Kansu)." The two seals at the end read: "Pai-yun hung-shu-lou tsang (collected in the study of white clouds and red trees)" and "Pang-nai chen-tsang (treasurely collected by Alice Boney)."
    The scroll is neither dated nor signed by the calligrapher.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Writing, Carving and Rubbing: China’s Calligraphic Arts (April 4 to October 25, 2009)
    The Idea of China in Japan: The Tea Ceremony in Japan (December 19, 1999 to June 11, 2000)
    From Concept to Context: Approaches to Asian and Islamic Calligraphy (July 28, 1986 to February 6, 1987)
  • Origin

    Dunhuang, Gansu province, China
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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