In the event of a government shutdown, the National Museum of Asian Art will remain OPEN through at least Saturday, October 7, by using prior year funds. Visit for updates.

Harness fitting: bit

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 1
Download Image IIIF

Terms of Use

Creative Commons

At A Glance

  • Period

    5th-4th century BCE
  • Geography

  • Material

  • Dimension

    H x W x D: 9 x 2.5 x 3.3 cm (3 9/16 x 1 x 1 5/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Provenance

    Probably unearthed near the site of the ancient city of Shouchun (in the modern province of Anhui). [1]
    To 1924
    Orvar Karlbeck. [2]
    From 1924
    Freer Gallery of Art, purchased by Carl Whiting Bishop from Orvar Karlbeck. [3]
    [1] According to Bishop’s unpublished report, Archaeological Research in China, 1924-34, Mr. Karlbeck had acquired nearly all the objects near the site of the ancient city of Shouchun (in the modern province of Anhui). See Curatorial Remark 2 in the object record.
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] Curatorial Remark 2 and 4 in the object record.
    The object was transferred from the Freer Study Collection (Bishop Collection) to the permanent collection in August 8, 1974. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List after 1920 file, Collections Management Office.
    For further information also refer to “Part IV, List 2: A Complete List of Objects in the Bishop Collection” from Sarah L. Newmeyer’s Interim Report (1976), copy in the Carl Whiting Bishop Collection file, Collections Management Office.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Community, 480-222 B.C. (September 30, 1982 to February 17, 1983)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Orvar Karlbeck (1879-1967)
  • Origin

  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

    Tool and Equipment
  • Restrictions and Rights

    CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The National Museum of Asian Art welcomes information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.

Keep Exploring