Jar, Banshan or Machang type ware

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 1

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At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. 2000 BCE
  • Geography

    Gansu province, China
  • Material

    Earthenware clay, iron and manganese pigments
  • Dimension

    H x W: 18.4 x 22 cm (7 1/4 x 8 11/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Description

    Jar; medium size, thin-walled, hand-built; wide mouth, slightly everted lip with two strap handles extending to the bottom of the short neck; widest part of belly is placed low; sharp taper to small flat base which is slightly less than half the diameter of the mouth. Chips and repair as noted below.
    Clay: light brownish red, fine-grained, hard, medium-fired, burnished smooth surface.
    Glaze: none.
    Decoration: Painted before firing in black and dark red of brownish and purplish tone. Area covered extends from inside mouth to within 3/4 cm. of base. Band inside mouth of alternate black and red triangles separated by triple lines and resting on plain black band. Handles have X with enclosed dots, neck a cross-hatch lattice pattern between two red bands. At top of body is a black border with a fine-toothed serrated edge. Depending from this is a swag pattern of broad black bands with serrated edges on the buff ground and with narrow separating red bands. The design is finished by a black band above the base. The fringed-edge bands, although once thought to occur only in funeral sites, have since been found on pottery from habitation sites.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Clay and Metal: Ancient Chinese Ceramics and Metal (February 25, 1997 to August 9, 2011)
    Chinese Ceramics (March 15, 1982 to July 10, 1986)
    Chinese Art (March 9, 1981 to March 12, 1982)
    Chinese Ceramics (May 9, 1980 to March 6, 1981)
    A Decade of Discovery: Selected Acquisitions 1970-1980 (November 9, 1979 to May 22, 1980)
    Chinese Ceramics (April 11, 1978 to September 4, 1980)
    Chinese Calligraphy and Ceramics (April 18, 1977 to April 8, 1978)
    Chinese Art (January 1, 1963 to March 6, 1981)
  • Origin

    Gansu province, China
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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