Wind and Snow in the Fir Pines

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 13

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At A Glance

  • Period

    late 12th century
  • Geography

  • Material

    Ink and color on silk and paper
  • Dimension

    H x W (image): 29.7 x 79.3 cm (11 11/16 x 31 1/4 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Artist

    Li Shan 李山 (mid-12th to early 13th century)
  • Calligrapher

    Wang Tingyun (1151-1202)
    Wang Wanqing (early-mid 13th cent.)
    Wen Boren 文伯仁 (1502-1575)
    Wang Shizhen (1526-1590)
    Wang Wenzhi 王文治 (1730-1802)
    Hongli, the Qianlong emperor 乾隆帝 (1711-1799)
  • Description

    Landscape of fir-pines in wind and snow, with the artist's inscription and Emperor Qianlong's inscription. Six (6) colophons on five sheets of paper, plus one sheet with three (3) collector seals only. Sixty-five (65) collector seals in total.
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Hongli, the Qianlong emperor 乾隆帝 (1711-1799)
    Peng Qifeng (1701-1784)
    Peng Shaosheng (1740-1796)
    Wu Yun (1811-1883)
    Pang Yuanji 龐元濟 (1864-1949)
    Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer ((1875-1959) and (1887-1970))
  • Provenance

    To 1763
    Hongli, the Qianlong emperor (1711-1799; reigned 1735-96) [1]
    From 1763 to 1784
    Peng Qifeng (1701-1784), Minister of War, given by the Qianlong emperor on February 18, 1763 [2]
    From 1784
    Peng Shaosheng (1740-1796), by descent from his father, Peng Qifeng [3]
    Wu Yun (1811-1883) [4]
    From at least 1909 to 1915
    Pang Yuanji (1864-1949), Shanghai [5]
    From 1915 to 1961
    Eugene Meyer (1875-1959) and Agnes E. Meyer (1887-1970), New York, NY, Washington, DC, and Mt. Kisco, NY, purchased through C. T. Loo & Co. from Pang Yuanji on May 15, 1915 [6]
    From 1961
    Freer Gallery of Art, given by Agnes E. Meyer in December 1961 [7]
    [1] Seven Qianlong’s seals and an inscription of the emperor’s poem are located on the painting, see “Song and Yuan Painting and Calligraphy,”, accessed on May 23, 2012.
    [2] Peng Qifeng, the high court official, received the handscroll as a gift from the Qianlong emperor at a banquet held on February 18, 1763. The circumstances of the gift were recorded in the colophon composed by Peng.
    After Peng’s death, his son, Peng Shaosheng, invited the famous calligrapher Wang Wenzhi (1730-1802) to inscribe the colophon on the scroll, which he did on May 6, 1786, see “Song and Yuan Painting and Calligraphy,” cited in note 1.
    [3] See note 2.
    [4] Eighteen Wu Yun’s collector seals are located on the painting, see “Song and Yuan Painting and Calligraphy,” cited in note 1.
    [5] Pang Yuanji’s collector seal is located on the painting. The painting is listed in the traditional Chinese catalogue of Pang Yuanji’s collection, Xuzhai minghua lu (Shanghai: Shangyouxuan, 1909), 2:32a-36a as well as in the bilingual catalogue prepared by Pang on the occasion of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco, see Pang Lai Ch’en [Pang Yuanji], Biographies of Famous Chinese Paintings: From the Private Collections of L.C. Pang, Che-kiang, China (Shanghai: Mercantile Printing Co., 1915), p. 76-77.
    [6] The handscroll was among the paintings brought by Pang Yuanji, with the assistance of his cousin Pang Zanchen and the dealer C. T. Loo, to the United States on the occasion of the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco in 1915, see Pang Lai Ch’en [Pang Yuanji] 1915, p. 76-77. The Meyers examined the painting in New York prior to its transfer to San Francisco in March and April 1915, see Eugene Meyer’s telegram to Charles L. Freer, April 30, 1915, Eugene Meyer Papers, Library of Congress, copy in object file. The purchase of the scroll was confirmed by an invoice issued by C. T. Loo & Co. to Eugene Meyer on May 15, 1915.
    [7] See Agnes Meyer’s Deed of Gift, dated December 21, 1961, copy in object file.
  • Origin

  • Credit Line

    Gift of Eugene and Agnes E. Meyer
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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