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Tomb figure of a man on horseback

Detail of a pattern
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At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. 700-750
  • Geography

    Possibly Luoyang, Henan province, China
  • Material

    Earthenware with lead-silicate glazes and painted details
  • Dimension

    H x W x D: 39.5 x 11.7 x 34 cm (15 9/16 x 4 5/8 x 13 3/8 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Description

    Pottery with "three color" glaze.
    Clay: fine, whitish buff, fired medium hard.
    Glaze: transparent, with fine crackle, over areas of brown and green on white surface; man's head, hands, boots and saddle blanket unglazed and painted.
  • Provenance

    To 1948
    Jun Tsei Tai (1911-1992), Shanghai, to February 1948 [1]
    From 1948 to 1952
    C. T. Loo & Company, New York, purchased from Jun Tsei Tai in February 1948 [2]
    From 1952
    Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company on June 25, 1952 [3]
    [1] See C. T. Loo's stockcard no. 46077: "Pottery equestrian statuette of a horse and rider, wearing a hea[r]t shaped hat, wide sleeved green coat, black boots, astride on a greenish creamy Alzan with large brownish splashes, trimmed mane and tail Central Asia, T'ang, Ht: 15 ¾ in. Length: 15 in," copy in object file.
    According to an annotation on the stockcard, the object was acquired in China from J. T. Tai in February 1948.
    Jun Tsei Tai (more commonly known in the West as J. T. Tai), known also as Dai Fubao in Shanghai, was a successful art dealer who was initially based in Shanghai China. Tai became one of C. T. Loo's most prolific suppliers in the 1940s. In 1949, however, J. T. Tai fled with his family to Hong Kong, when Communist leaders came into power. In 1950, he immigrated to New York City, where he established J. T. Tai & Company, a successful company that specialized in the sale of Chinese arts.
    According to some sources, the object belonged to a group of sixteen equestrian figures reportedly excavated from a tomb at Luoyang, Henan province prior to 1943, see Christie's, New York, Fine Chinese Ceramics, Jades and Works of Art, auction cat. (New York: June 4, 1987), under lot 195 and Annette L. Juliano, Bronze, Clay and Stone: Chinese Art in the C. C. Wang Family Collection (Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988), under cat. no. 54.
    [2] See Loo's stockcard cited above. The object was transferred to the Freer Gallery in April 1948, see C. T. Loo's Approval Memorandum, dated April 14, 1948, copy in object file.
    In the memorandum, Loo stated that the object was excavated in Sian Fu [Xi'an], Shaanxi province.
    [3] See C. T. Loo's invoice, dated June 25, 1952.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Year of the Horse: Chinese Horse Paintings (February 24 to September 2, 2002)
    Chinese Ceramics (April 11, 1978 to September 4, 1980)
    Centennial Exhibition, Gallery 13 (November 10, 1955 to March 1, 1957)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Jun Tsei Tai 戴潤齋 (1911-1992)
    C.T. Loo & Company (1914-1948)
  • Origin

    Possibly Luoyang, Henan province, China
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

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