Folio from a Qur'an, Sura 13:2-3

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 2

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At A Glance

  • Period

    10th century
  • Geography

    North Africa or Near East
  • Material

    Ink, color, and gold on parchment
  • Dimension

    H x W: 20.4 x 30.2 cm (8 1/16 x 11 7/8 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Description

    Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur'an; recto: Sura al-Ra'd (the Thunder) 13: part of verse 2, recto begins with "al-shams"; verso: sura 13: last word of 2 and part of 3, verso begins with "tuqinuna"; Arabic in black kufic script; gold orbs stacked as pyramid-shaped verse markers; vocalized in red, brown, and green; one column; 3 lines of text.
  • Inscriptions

    The name of the sura, al-Ra'd (the Thunder), is written in naskhi script in the corner of the folio.
  • Provenance

    To 1945
    Mrs. Kirkor Minassian, New York. [1]
    From 1945
    Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Mrs. Kirkor Minassian, New York. [2]
    [1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.
    [2] See note 1.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Engaging the Senses (October 14, 2017 - ongoing)
    Arts of the Islamic World (May 3, 1998 to January 3, 2016)
    Islamic Calligraphy (May 14, 1981 to June 24, 1982)
    Centennial Exhibition, Galleries 6 and 7 (February 25, 1956 to April 10, 1962)
    Untitled Exhibition, Islamic Manuscripts, 1955 (April 12, 1955 to December 16, 1955)
    Special Exhibition, Near Eastern Art (September 15, 1953 to February 9, 1954)
    Untitled Exhibition, Islamic Manuscripts, 1947 (October 6, 1947 to February 25, 1956)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Mrs. Kirkor Minassian (1874-1961)
  • Origin

    North Africa or Near East
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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