Tartar horsemen

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 4

Terms of Use

Usage Conditions Apply

At A Glance

  • Period

  • Geography

  • Material

    Ink and gold on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W (image): 23.8 x 108.3 cm (9 3/8 x 42 5/8 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Artist

    Zhao Lin (died ca. 1367)
  • Provenance

    Gong Ben’ang (mid-19th-early 20th century), China [1]
    Wu Zhiying (1868-1934) and Lian Quan (1868-1931), by bequest from Gong Ben’ang [2]
    From at least 1939 to 1940
    C. T. Loo & Company, New York, from at least January 31, 1939 [3]
    From 1940
    Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company on February 21, 1940 [4]
    [1] Four Gong Ben’ang’s collector seals are located on the painting. See also A. G. Wenley, “A Parallel Between Far Eastern and Persian Painting,” in Richard Ettinghausen, ed., Aus der Welt der Islamischen Kunst: Festschrift für Ernst Kühnel zum 75. Geburtstag am 26.10.1957 (Berlin: Verlag Gebr. Mann, 1959), p. 352.
    [2] See inscription at the right side of the painting, translated as: “Foreign Horsemen, by Zhao Lin. Authenticated and collected at the Entertainment Yards (or Center for the Arts?) in the national capital [Beijing], respectfully presented by Xiaowanliutang.” The inscription is accompanied by the Xiaowanliutang signature and seal. Xiaowanliutang was the studio name of Lian Quan and Wu Zhiying. Two Lian Quan’s and Wu Zhiying’s collector seals are located on the painting. On Gong Ben’ang’s bequest to Lian Quan, see Wenley 1959, p. 352.
    [3] The painting figures on “List of objects owned by C. T. Loo [and brought to] the Gallery for examination,” annotated with information that it was left at the Freer Gallery by Frank Caro on January 31, 1939, copy in object file. See also C. T. Loo’s stockcard no. 81580: “Scroll painting A. D. 1273-1368,” C. T. Loo & Frank Caro Archive, Musée Guimet, Paris, copy in object file.
    [4] See C. T. Loo’s invoice, dated February 21, 1940, copy in object file.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Untitled Exhibition, Chinese Art, 1947 (October 13, 1947 to May 26, 1953)
    Untitled Exhibition, Chinese Painting and Calligraphy, 1943 (October 4, 1943 to August 7, 1946)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Gong Ben’ang (mid-19th-early 20th century)
    Wu Zhiying (1868-1934)
    Lian Quan (1868-1931)
    C.T. Loo & Company (1914-1948)
  • Origin

  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

    There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The National Museum of Asian Art welcomes information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.

Keep Exploring