Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva 南無地藏菩薩像

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 4

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At A Glance

  • Period

    late 10th-early 11th century
  • Geography

    Dunhuang, Gansu province, China
  • Material

    Ink, color, and gold on silk
  • Dimension

    H x W (image): 106.6 x 58.1 cm (41 15/16 x 22 7/8 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Provenance

    By 1837-?
    Liang Chang-chü (1775-1849), method of acquisition unknown [1]
    Tonying and Company, New York, method of acquisition unknown [2]
    From 1935
    Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Tonying and Company, New York [3]
    [1] See Zhangju Liang, "Illustrated Catalogue of Famous Paintings from the Great Collection of the Celebrated Connoisseur of Art, Liang Chang-Chü of Foochow, compiled 1837, translated into English 1919," [book] (China: 1919), fig. 3 (illustrated). Liang Chang-chü (known also as Liang Zhangju and Liang Tui-an) was a Provincial Administration Commissioner in Guangxi from 1836 to 1841, and in Jiangsu in 1841.
    [2] See Ton-Ying and Company, New York invoice to Freer Gallery of Art, March 2, 1935, and marked approved on January 22, 1935. Copy in object file.
    [3] See note 2.
    Research updated April 19, 2023
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Enlightened Beings: Buddhism in Chinese Paintings (September 1, 2012 to February 24, 2013)
    Chinese Paintings (June 5, 1957 to January 1, 1963)
    Untitled Exhibition, Chinese Painting and Sculpture (November 15, 1944 to February 25, 1956)
    Stone Sculpture, Buddhist Bronze, and Chinese Painting (May 2, 1923 to February 25, 1956)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Tonying and Company 通運公司 (established 1902)
    Liang Chang-chü (1775 - 1849)
  • Origin

    Dunhuang, Gansu province, China
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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