Folio from a Mihr-u Mushtari (The Sun and Jupiter) by Shams al-Din Muhammad Assar Tabrizi (d. circa 1382); verso: Mihr feasting with Kayvan the King of Khwarazm; recto: text, Mihr playing lute and feasting with Kayvan

Detail of a pattern
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At A Glance

  • Period

    1523-24 (930 A.H.)
  • Geography

    Bukhara, Uzbekistan
  • Material

    Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W: 18.3 x 11.6 cm (7 3/16 x 4 9/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Author

    Shams al-Din Muhammad Assar of Tabriz
  • Calligrapher

    Ibrahim Khalil
  • Description

    Detached folio from a bound copy of Mihr-u Mushtari (The Sun and Jupiter) by Shams al-Din Muhammad Assar Tabrizi; text: Persian in black nasta'liq script; recto: text: Mihr playing lute and feasting with Kayvan, 2 columns, 11 lines; verso: illustration and text: Mihr feasting with Kayvan the King of Khwarazm; one of a group of 6: the manuscript (F1932.3a-b) and 5 detached folios are accessioned separately.
    Border: The painting and the text are set in gold and blue rulings on cream-colored paper.
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Victor Goloubew (1878-1945)
    Kalebjian Frères
    Hagop Kevorkian (1872-1962)
  • Provenance

    Before 1914-??
    Victor Goloubew (1878-1945), method of acquisition unknown [1]?
    About 1914-1931
    Ownership information unknown
    By at least 1931-?
    Kalebjian Frères, Paris and Cairo, method of acquisition unknown [2]
    ?-to at least 1932?
    H. Kevorkian, New York, method of acquisition unknown [3]?
    From 1932?
    The Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from H. Kevorkian, New York [4]?
    [1] See Philipp Walter Schulz, “Die Persich-islamische Miniaturmalerei” v.2 [book] (Leipzig: Verlag von Karl W. Hiersemann, 1914), pls. 79. Schulz attributes the folio to the collection of Victor de Goloubew. Victor Goloubew was a Russian aristocrat who collected Persian, South-Asian, and European art. An archaeologist and engineer, he was among the first to use aerial photography to study Angkor Wat in Cambodia. He moved to Paris in 1904, and after losing his property in the Russian revolution he sold most of his collections. ??
    [2] See Laurence Binyon, J.V.S. Wilkinson and Basil Grey, “Persian Miniature Painting: Including a Critical Descriptive catalogue of the Miniatures Exhibited at Burlington House, January-March, 1931” [book] (London: Oxford University Press, 1933), p. 123, no.106(c), pl. LXXIX-A. Entry states: “Four full-page miniatures. Lacquer binding. Lent by Kalebdjian [sic.], Paris”. Kalebjian Frères was an antiquities gallery in Paris operated by brothers Hagop and Garbis (1885-1954). They also maintained business in Cairo.
    [3] Hagop Kevorkian (1872-1962), was a dealer and collector of Islamic and Persian works with eponymous galleries in New York and Paris. See March 17, 1932 letter to J.E. Lodge, copy in object file; see also note 4.?
    [4] See H. Kevorkian invoice to Freer Gallery of Art, February 2, 1932, and marked approved on February 2, 1932.??
    Research Completed December 14, 2022
  • Origin

    Bukhara, Uzbekistan
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

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