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Disk (bi 璧) - National Museum of Asian Art

Disk (bi 璧)

Detail of a pattern
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Terms of Use

Creative Commons

At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. 3300-2250 BCE
  • Geography

    Lake Tai region, China
  • Material

    Jade (nephrite)
  • Dimension

    Diam x D: 23.6 x 1.4 cm (9 5/16 x 9/16 in)
  • Accession Number

    F1919.19
  • EDAN ID

    edanmdm:fsg_F1919.19

Object Details

  • Description

    Perforated disk of the type pi [bi] 璧; bored from both sides, leaving median ridge; richly mottled bright bluish-green, golden tan, and brown; cream-colored fleckings of incipient disintegration, more extensive on one side; dull luster, one strata crack. (Chip on rim.)
    Acquired with a box, now lost.
  • Provenance

    Reportedly excavated in Hsi-hsi, Chekiang [1]
    Duanfang (1861-1911) [2]
    To 1919
    You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1919 [3]
    1919
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York, in 1919 [4]
    From 1920
    Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [5]
    Notes:
    [1] According to Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record: "Formerly in the collection of the Viceroy Tuan Fang, and said to have been excavated in Hsi-hsi, Chekiang."
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1398, pg. 326, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
    [4] See note 3.
    [5] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Ancient Chinese Jade (September 4, 1980 to March 6, 1981)
    Chinese Bronze, Jade, Metalwork (March 1, 1957 to January 1, 1963)
    Centennial Exhibition, Galleries 14 and 15 (February 25, 1956 to March 1, 1957)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Jade and Bronze (August 26, 1955 to October 25, 1955)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1946 (May 7, 1946 to February 25, 1956)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1945 (January 9, 1945 to August 20, 1955)
    Untitled Exhibition, Chinese Art, 1944 (November 15, 1944 to May 6, 1946)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1944 (December 13, 1944 to May 7, 1946)
    Untitled Exhibition, Ancient Chinese Art, 1943 (March 22, 1943 to November 17, 1944)
    Untitled Exhibition, Chinese Metalwork (March 14, 1931 to March 22, 1943)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Duanfang 端方 (1861-1911)
    You Xiaoxi 游篠溪 (late 19th-early 20th century) (C.L. Freer source)
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
  • Origin

    Lake Tai region, China
  • Culture

    Liangzhu culture, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE
  • Credit Line

    Gift of Charles Lang Freer
  • Type

    Ceremonial Object
  • Restrictions and Rights

    CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

    This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

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