Disk (bi 璧) with incised glyph

Detail of a pattern
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At A Glance

On View
  • Period

    ca. 3300-2250 BCE
  • Geography

    Lake Tai region, China
  • Material

    Jade (nephrite)
  • Dimension

    Diam x D: 31.8 x 1.4 cm (12 1/2 x 9/16 in)
  • Accession Number

    F1917.79
  • EDAN ID

    edanmdm:fsg_F1917.79

Object Details

  • Description

    Very large perforated disk of the type pi [bi] 璧; bored from both sides, leaving median ridge; mottled dark and light greens, golden tan, and brown; cream-colored cloudings and white veins of decomposition on obverse, profuse on reverse; decoration: light incised device. (Break and chip on rim.)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Li Wenqing 李文卿 (ca. 1869-1931) (C.L. Freer source)
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
  • Provenance

    To 1917
    Li Wenqing (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 [1]
    From 1917 to 1919
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Li Wenqing, in New York, in 1917 [2]
    From 1920
    Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]
    Notes:
    [1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1166, pg. 268, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also, Voucher No. 18, December 1916.
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
  • Origin

    Lake Tai region, China
  • Culture

    Liangzhu culture, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE
  • Credit Line

    Gift of Charles Lang Freer
  • Type

    Ceremonial Object
  • On View

    Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
  • Restrictions and Rights

    CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

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