Ritual vessel

Detail of a pattern
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At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. late 11th century-early 10th century BCE
  • Geography

    China
  • Material

    Bronze
  • Dimension

    H x W x D (overall): 29.1 x 20.3 x 14 cm (11 7/16 x 8 x 5 1/2 in)
  • Accession Number

    F1909.258a-b
  • EDAN ID

    edanmdm:fsg_F1909.258a-b

Object Details

  • Description

    Ceremonial vessel, "yu," with a cover. Wood stand.
    Surface: cuprite patination with traces of malachite.
    Decoration: in high and low relief. Inscriptions inside of the vessel and the cover.
  • Inscriptions

    (A.G.W., 1944) The inscriptions are the same in both cover and bottom and read:
    "ya ch'i ? tso mu hsin i" [Chn] ? [Chn] or "Ch'i ? of Ya has made for Mother Hsin a [sacral] vessel."
    The questioned character [Chn] has been read as "i" [Chn] by Takata Tadahiro [Chn] (See "Kochuhen, ch. 55, p. 14, a). However, other scholars tend to leave it unread.
    (See Curatorial Remarks number 4)
    The Translation reads: Bronze jar, called "Yi," with some inscriptions on the cover and the bottom of the jar. The inscriptions read: "Ya-Tso-mo-Sui-Yi." 'Mo-Sui-Yi' is the name of this jar. The first word means that the jar is offered to the temple. The second and third words mean that so and so made it.
    The Translation reads: Bronze jar, called "Yi," with some inscriptions on the cover and the bottom of the jar. The inscriptions read: "Ya-Tso-mo-Sui-Yi." 'Mo-Sui-Yi' is the name of this jar. The first word means that the jar is offered to the temple. The second and third words mean that so and so made it.
  • Provenance

    To 1909
    Riu Cheng Chai, Beijing, to 1909 [1]
    From 1909 to 1919
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Riu Cheng Chai, Beijing, in 1909 [2]
    From 1920
    Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]
    Notes:
    [1] See Original Bronze List, S.I. 83, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Riu Cheng Chai (C.L. Freer source)
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
  • Origin

    China
  • Credit Line

    Gift of Charles Lang Freer
  • Type

    Vessel
  • Restrictions and Rights

    CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

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