The Heavenly Ladder: illustration from a Klimax manuscript

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 1

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At A Glance

  • Period

    early 12th century
  • Material

    Color and slight gold on parchment
  • Dimension

    H x W: 15.6 x 13.2 cm (6 1/8 x 5 3/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Previous custodian or owner

    Monastery of St. John the Baptist
    Ali Arabi (ca. 1840-1932) (C.L. Freer source)
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919)
  • Provenance

    The Monastery of St. John the Baptist, Constantinople (Istanbul) [1]
    To 1909
    Ali Arabi, Giza, Egypt, to 1909 [2]
    From 1909 to 1919
    Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Ali Arabi, in Giza, in 1909 [3]
    From 1920
    Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]
    [1] According to Curatorial Remark 2 in the object record: "For a full discussion of the Freer 'Klimax' miniatures, see Charles R. Morey, 'East Christian Paintings in the Freer Collection,' New York, 1914, p. 17 ff; reproduced in color on pl. II; the same also on a single sheet stored with the original. For colophon, signature and dating, see especially pp. 26-29. Date and provenance are here given as 'about 1130, and their place of origin identified as the monastery of St. John the Baptist in Constantinople.'"
    [2] See Original Miscellaneous List, Biblical Mss. section, S.I. 1486-B, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
    [3] See note 2.
    [4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
  • Credit Line

    Gift of Charles Lang Freer
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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