Akbar’s army subdued Da’ud, the Afghan ruler of Bihar and Bengal, after he treasonously assumed the title of padshah (emperor). Here, Da’ud dons an imperial robe to enact symbolically his surrender to Akbar. A later entry in the Akbarnama notes that Da’ud’s subservience did not last. He was beheaded in a subsequent battle with the emperor’s forces.
Hiranand’s bird’s-eye perspective encompasses both the ceremony and the flourishing terrain of the empire. The atmospheric haze of the distant landscape is a technique that Akbar’s artists adapted from European images that had been presented as gifts to the emperor.